Research misconduct? Image duplication? Fabrication? Falsification? Unintentional and inadvertent mistake? Coincidental similarity?
Cytokine Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
Capsaicin is a novel blocker of constitutive and interleukin-6-inducible STAT3 activation.
Cytokine Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.
Fig. 2C -STAT 3 loading control is actually the b-acting loading control from Fig. 4B of 20103603. (3 years apart, and he's using the same image for 2 totally different things. Also, there's evidence of material being erased from the top-right corner of the image on both cases - that's how we know they are the same!)
Fig. 6 - Medium and Capsaicin images in 6A and 6B are the same (numbers below are different). Also these images are identical to PMID 17855663 Fig. 6A, but different agent added (ursolic acid).